Cost of conflict in the middle east, strategic foresight group pdf. Arabs call it the ramadan war because the fighting opened during the holy month of ramadan and on the very day when muslims feast to celebrate the prophet muhammads victory at the battle of badr and his return to. The next day, israeli and syrian fighters engaged in aerial combat, in the course of which thirteen syrian. The yom kippur war, ramadan war, or october war also known as the 1973 arabisraeli war, was a war fought from 6 to 25 october, 1973, by a coalition of. We use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The arab israel war october 1973 download ebook pdf. With the element of surprise to their advantage, egyptian forces successfully crossed the suez canal. I have a copy of the book but not knowing an arabic beside reading the numbers, it teases me as.
In fact it has been a fractured area for major part of the last century. Kissingers early decisions to provide military aid to israel documents 18 and 21. The arabisraeli war of 1973 ended the stalemate in peace negotiations that had existed prior to the war. Arabisrael war 1973 6 october24 october 1973fourth major arabisrael war. Recently declassified documents suggest that israel knew war was coming on the morning of the egyptian attack, and that jerusalem had asked. Published for the first time today by the national security archive. Backed by arms from the soviet union, egypt and syria made significant territorial gains in sinai and the golan heights. The fundamental cause of the yom kippur war was the diplomatic impasse thai followed the sixday war. Arabisraeli wars, conflicts in 194849, 1956, 1967, 197374, and 1982 between israel and the arab states.
Before i start whining for help on a few issues, i thought id share some of the toe information i have with which im fairly comfortable. The roots of the arabisraeli conflict have been attributed to the support by arab league member countries for the palestinians, a fellow league member, in the ongoing israelipalestinian conflict, which in turn has. Arabisraeli war of 1973 article about arabisraeli war. It forced the nixon administration to realize that arab frustration over. It followed israel winning the independence war of 19471948, spectacularly winning the six day war of 1967, surviving the war of attrition 19671970 in spit. The yom kippur war was another third attempt by the arab countries to destroy israel.
Overview and analysis of the conflict introduction this study examines the military operations of the major combatantsegypt, syria, and israelduring the october 1973 middle east war. A coalition of arab nations led by egypt and syria launched a surprise attack on israel on october 6, the day of yom kippur. This week marks the fortyfourth anniversary of the beginning of the 1973 arabisraeli war. Arabisraeli wars, series of military conflicts between israeli and various arab forces, most notably in 194849, 1956, 1967, 1973, 1982, and 2006. It forced the nixon administration to realize that arab frustration over israels unwillingness to withdraw from the territories it had occupied in 1967 could have. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Egyptian forces crossing the suez canal on october 7. They said about the war introduction the october 1973 war, a radical turningpoint in the course of arab israeli conflict, has evoked interest by military leaders, strategists, research and study centers and media around the world. Largescale hostilities mostly ended with ceasefire agreements after the 1973.
Aug 30, 2016 the yom kippur war was another third attempt by the arab countries to destroy israel. The 1973 arabisraeli war, referred to variously as the yom kippur war, the war of atonement, the war of ramadan, and the october war, was the fourth major conflict in this series. Middle east is a volatile region and the hub of confrontation for the last 50 years or so. Jews and many in the west refer to the conflict as the yom kippur war. The october 1973 arab israeli war, known as the yom kippur war in israel and the ramadan war in arab countries, was a watershed event in arab israeli relations. Oct 04, 2017 this week marks the fortyfourth anniversary of the beginning of the 1973 arabisraeli war. Jan 12, 2011 the events of the interwar period, between 1967 and 1973, however, are of a far more condemning of the role of the interfering powers. The yom kippur war, ramadan war or october war, also known as the 1973 arabisraeli war and the fourth arabisraeli war, was fought from october 6 to. On one hand, in the 1973 war, the united states was israels main backer and wanted to protect israeli interests. Known as the yom kippur war in israel and the ramadan or october war in egypt and syria, the dramatic events of october 1973 profoundly altered the course of middle east politics, eventually leading to the 1979 egyptianisraeli peace treaty and cairos realignment away from the soviet union and toward. The us intelligence community tended to assume not only that israeli intelligence would be aware of any major attacks planned against its territory, but also that israel would plead for us assistance to counter them. On 3 october, during ramadan, the muslim month of fasting, reserve officers in the syrian army were called up, and two days later, reserve units were mobilized. Iraq sent its troops to participate in the 1948 arabisraeli war, and later backed egypt and syria in the 1967 sixday war and in the 1973 yom kippur war. The arabs would face an israeli military feared for its armor and air power.
On the ground, idf forces were headed by wellarmored centurion and m60 tanks as well as super shermans, revvedup versions of the world war ii classic with 75mm or 105mm highvelocity cannons. The oslo agreements remain important documents in israeli palestinian. National archives, nixon presidential materials, nsc files, kissinger office files, box 1, country files, middle east, egyptismail, vol. After the six day war, egypts army had been obliterated by the preemptive israeli air strike and the sixyear period that would follow saw almost a complete reconstruction, instigated entirely by the soviets. Ultimately, it was the israeli offensive spirit and determination which gave them victory war since 1945 seminar operational valiant. President nixon and the role of intelligence in the 1973 arabisraeli war. President nixon and the role of intelligence in the 1973 arabisraeli. With the element of surprise to their advantage, egyptian forces successfully crossed the suez canal with greater ease than expected, suffering only a.
The previous arabisraeli war, the sixday war 1967, was followed by years of sporadic fighting, which developed into a fullscale war in 1973. Turning of the tide in the sinai 1973 arabisraeli war major. The idf reconnaissance in arabisraeli wars 19671973. Did this affect the performance of the arab egypt and syrian armies.
In any event, a major transition in the middle east came on 28 september 1970, when president nasser died. Mind you, the best book on the egyptian front of the war is gamal hammads military battles on the egyptian front isbn 9770908665, but this is in arabic. The 1973 arab israeli war, referred to variously as the yom kippur war, the war of atonement, the war of ramadan, and the october war, was the fourth major conflict in this series. Interestingly he mentions the merkava as it is just being introduced.
Apr 25, 2017 we use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Mar 31, 20 the yom kippur war, ramadan war or october war, also known as the 1973 arab israeli war and the fourth arab israeli war, was fought from october 6 to october 26, 1973 by a coalition of arab states. In 1973, there was a profound change in the way the united states began defining its interests toward the arab israeli peace conflict. The israeli armed forces fought four wars with hostile neighboring arab powers between 1948 and 1973. On october 6, 1973, egypt and syria launched a surprise attack against israel on the jewish holiday of yom kippur. The united states also began to reexamine its policy in the middle east when it faced the arab oil embargo at the end of the war. It is the closest the world got to a real example of what a war between the nato and the warsaw pact would have looked like. Great power interventions and the arabisraeli wars of 19671973. Great power interventions and the arabisraeli wars of.
The arabisraeli conflict refers to the ongoing political tension, military conflicts and disputes between arab countries and israel, which escalated during the 20th century. Politics, charity, and terrorism in the service of jihad by matthew levitt, the yom kippur war. It forced the nixon administration to realize that arab frustration over israels unwillingness to withdraw from the territories it had occupied in 1967 could have major strategic consequences for the united states. Better known as the yom kippur war, this 225 page book leaves no stone unturned. The arabisraeli conflict refers to the ongoing political tension, military conflicts and disputes. Here we bring together its impact on israel and on the jewish communities in the arab countries. In 1973, the war between israel, egypt and syria shook the region 40 years on, its effects are still being felt, as kevin connolly reports. In june 1981, israel attacked and destroyed newly built iraqi nuclear facilities in operation opera. Sep 18, 2007 author simon dunston has written a superb historical account of the the arab israeli war of 1973. Arabisraeli wars article about arabisraeli wars by the. Foreign relations of the united states, 19691976, volume xxv, arabisraeli crisis and war, 1973.
What lessons were learned from the 1973 yom kippur war. Good account of the details of operations on all fronts. Timeless lessons from the october 1973 arabisraeli war. United states middle east policy and united nations deliberations. Not all observers reckon this as a war, which accounts for the fact that some refer to the october war of 1973 as the fourth and others as the fifth arab israeli war. In the last three, the israeli defense force idf deployed motorized and mechanized reconnaissance forces in various configurations. Between july 1966 and may 1967, 34 such complaints were submitted. It is intended to uncover indications of future force developments and military performance in the area. Israel and iraq have been implacable foes since 1948. The 1973 arab israeli war was, and still is, the best example of modern warfare between two roughly equally matched sides. Shippensburg university shippensburg, pennsylvania on the morning of 6 october 1973, the inexperienced young reservists of the israel defense force idf stationed on the barlev line in the sinai peninsula received the order to mobilize in light of a possible egyptian assault.
The intelligence failure of the yom kippur war of 1973. Israeli statehood and the arab israeli war of 1948 10. It also stands as perhaps the most examined example of strategic surprise in history, with the number and breadth of studies of the war exceeding even other such classic examples as. The arabisraeli wars arab league egypt, iraq, transjordan.
I think one major lesson is that advanced technologies and good leadership skills in military used by the israelis will always defeat mass propaganda, nepotism and illiterate people used by the arabs in any 21st century warfare. Overview and analysis of the conflict this study examines the military operations of egypt, syria, and israel during the 1973 middle east war with a view to providing some indications of future force developments in the area. The yom kippur war, ramadan war, or october war hebrew. Israelarab war, 1973 635 works search for books with subject israelarab war, 1973. The arab israeli war of 1973 ended the stalemate in peace negotiations that had existed prior to the war. Npmp, national security council files hereinafter nscf, box 1173, 1973 war middle east 6 oct. Turning of the tide in the sinai 1973 arab israeli war major. The previous arab israeli war, the sixday war 1967, was followed by years of sporadic fighting, which developed into a fullscale war in 1973.
The october 1973 arabisraeli war, known as the yom kippur war in israel and the ramadan war in arab countries, was a watershed event in arabisraeli relations. The first panel on intelligence analysis nixon and the role of intelligence in the 1973 arabisraeli war. This program seeks to identify and declassify collections. Oct 05, 20 in 1973, the war between israel, egypt and syria shook the region 40 years on, its effects are still being felt, as kevin connolly reports. The israeli losses were heavy and the course of the war seemed to lay squarely within arab hands. At the khartoum summit ofaugust 1967 the arahs issued their three noes.
They said about the war introduction the october 1973 war, a radical turningpoint in the course of arabisraeli conflict, has evoked interest by military leaders, strategists, research and study centers and media around the world. Foreign relations of the united states, 19691976, volume. This played into israeli bands and when colda meir became israel s first female prime minister in 1969 she obdu. The next day, israeli and syrian fighters engaged in aerial combat, in the course of which thirteen syrian planes were downed. President nixon and the role of intelligence in the 1973. The egyptianisraeli peace treaty, march 26, 1979 egypt. On the afternoon of october 6, israel was attacked simultaneously on two fronts by egypt and syria.162 1374 319 678 781 1525 1495 149 552 156 1651 686 949 337 1200 347 1386 928 1576 528 1325 886 1039 1486 915 24 1341 1145 572 379 664 732 838 625 605 639